Sarah R. Hellyer-Spaid Genealogy

Spaid Genealogy 247 

(3757) Sarah R. Hellyer (3744), daughter of David and Rachel 
Hellyer, was born and reared on a farm in Blackford county, Ind. 
On attaining womanhood she married Perry Daily and four chil- 
dren were born to them in Indiana. About 1898 they removed 
to Rector, Ark., and the following year this much-needed young 
mother died in her twenty-fifth year, leaving the following little 
children, whose present whereabouts are unknown, though every 
effort has been made to locate them: 

(3758) Anna Daily 

(3759) Ida M. Daily 

(3760) Fred Daily 

(3761) Edna Daily 

(3762) Ida May Hellyer (3745) was born several months after 
her father had died. She grew to womanhood in Muncie, Ind. 
Sept. 28, 1895, she married Alonzo Lytle, born Oct. 28, 1873. He 
is a carpenter by trade and they have a neat cottage home in 
Muncie that shows the Spaid liking for order and neatness. Mrs. 
Lytle very much resembles her father's people, being of large 
stature, straight and vigorous looking. Three children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Lytle, the youngest dying in boyhood: 

(3763) David McKinley Lytle (3766), Aug. 22, 1896- 

(3764) Bertha Marie Lytle (3768), June 11, 1898- 

(3765) Ralph Dewey Lytle, Dec. 13, 1900-Dec. 8, 1905. 

(3766) David M. Lytle (3763), son of Alonzo and Ida Lytle, 
was bom and reared in Muncie, Ind. Oct. 28, 1916, he married 
Hazel Farrell, born May 19, 1899. He is a truck driver, and their 
home is in Muncie. They have one daughter: 

(3767) Dorothy Marie Lytle, Aug. 30, 1917- 

(3768) Bertha Marie Lytle (3764), daughter of Alonzo and Ida 
Lytle, was born and reared in Muncie, Ind. Feb. 2, 1916, she mar- 
ried William Skillman, a boxmaker, born July 19, 1887, and they 
make their home with her parents in Muncie. One child has been 
born to them : 

(3769) Edward D. Skillman, born and died April 9, 1917. 

{source} SPAID GENEALOGY, COMPILED BY 
ABRAHAM THOMPSON SECREST (3883)

Resources For Living People

 

Oklahoma Resources

Oklahoma Resources

1890 O.T. Index.url

Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name

89 Places for Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name: A Checklist of Sources, by William Dollarhide

  Discovering the maiden name of a female is often the biggest problem we have in genealogy. Whether you are researching your families in person, through the mail, or by searching the Internet for sources, the basic search is still the same. As in all research tasks, we need to identify the possible places where such a record exists, and in particular, to find the place where an actual document may exist that mentions the birth name of a woman. Here is a basic checklist of some places to look:

 Birth Records

– Birth certificates

– Delayed birth records

– Corrected birth records

– Affidavits for correcting birth records

– Newspaper birth announcements

Oral histories

– Published biographies

– Personal diaries & journals

Marriage Records

– Marriage applications & licenses

– Marriage certificates

– Newspaper announcements

– Family Bible

Divorce Records

– Newspaper announcements

– Court proceedings

– State or county-wide vital records indexes

Death Records

– Burial permits

– Death certificates

– Newspaper announcements

– Obituaries

– Funeral records

– VA burial database online

Cemeteries

– Sexton’s office

– Tombstone inscriptions

– Cemetery maps and indexes

Census Records

– Name of father-in-law included in a family grouping

– Brother-in-law included in a family grouping

– 1890 Veteran’s census including widows of veterans

– 1925 Iowa State Census (only U.S. census with the question, “Maiden Name of Mother?” for

every person listed).

– Names of neighbors, as clues to sibling’s names

– Clues from parents birthplace, leading to further census work

Major Databases & Indexes

– Google searching

– FamilySearch.org searching

– Ancestry.com, et al

– RootsWeb family name searching

– Name indexes on the Internet

Vital Records Indexes & Compilations

– Kentucky birth/death index (as an example of several states available on the Internet)

– The Barbour Collection (for Connecticut, as an example of published compilations)

– New England vital records (as an example of published town reports)

– County-wide indexes, such as the many RootsWeb county pages of the Internet

Bible records

– State-wide collections, such as those at Virginia and Louisiana state archives

– Home and relatives’ sources

– Church collections (Bibles donated to churches for Sunday School)

Probate Records

– Wills

– Administration records

– Appointments of administrators/executors

– Dispositions and judgments (naming heirs)

– Estate settlements

Church Records

– Confirmations

– Marriages

– Christenings

– Baptisms

– Burials

– Death Notices

– Church membership lists

– Vestry records

Medical Records (may be accessible to close relatives only)

– Doctor’s office

– Hospital

– Nursing Home

Miscellaneous

– Civil War soldiers & sailors online index

– Correspondence

– Miscellaneous home sources

– Oral interviews

– Patriotic society membership applications

– Funeral home records

– Hospital records

– Soldier home records

– Land ownership & deed records

– Civil court records

– Criminal court records

– Newspaper articles

– Social Security applications

– Social Security job history records

– Draft registration record

– Driver’s license

– Frakturs and needlepoints (family names)

– Fraternal club record

– Homestead record

– Immigration record

– Insurance papers

– Military personnel records

– Military medical records

– Military burial records

– Naturalization records

– Personal journals and diaries

– Professional license applications

– Passports applications

– Pensions

– Queries at mags/websites

– Voter registrations

– Who’s Who/compiled biographies

Reference Works for Finding Maiden Names

The Hidden Half of the Family

In this book, Christina Schaefer spells out the various legal categories of information relevant to women’s genealogy at both the federal and state level, and furnishes a time line of important events in each state’s history regarding women and the law. The bulk of the volume consists of a review of United States laws bearing on women’s ancestry and a state-by-state breakdown of those statutes having the greatest import for finding women ancestors. In addition to the chronology, each state chapter contains notes on the periods of coverage and location of pertinent records, and a bibliography. If you are stymied by the missing women in your past, the best place to turn for solid advice is The Hidden Half of the Family.

Female Index to James Savage’s “Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England”

Because Savage’s Dictionary was originally published one volume at a time, in alphabetical order, the author never produced an index to the work as a whole. This limitation has always made it difficult to find female ancestors. Now, however, thanks to the heroic efforts of the late Patty Barthell Myers, the difficulty of finding females in Savage’s Dictionary is a thing of the past. In her book Mrs. Myers identifies every woman/girl to be found in the Dictionary. Each female appears in the Myers Index under a maiden name and, separately, under the name of her husband.

Note to Our Readers: Have you found evidence of an ancestor’s maiden name in sources other than those listed in Mr. Dollarhide’s checklist above? If so, please let us know by sending your finding to info@genealogical.com. We will gather up all the responses over the next few weeks and publish them in a future edition of “Genealogy Pointers.” There are 89 items listed in the article; perhaps your source could become the 90th.

Inserted from  Genealogical.com tips@genealogical.com

History for Genealogists

    History for Genealogists. Using Chronological Time Lines to find and Understand Your Ancestors, by Judy Jacobson

  • With this book, accomplished author Judy Jacobson returns with a vast array of historical time lines that are guaranteed to inform your family history. Consider the following illustrations: If you have lost track of your 1880 ancestor in Iowa, have you considered that he might have moved there during the Economic Panic of 1873?
  • Your forebears were living in Texas in the 1840s, but did you know that they might have come from Kentucky as part of the “Peters’ Colony” settlement?
  • Did you know that you can learn a great deal about your ancestors if they belonged to a labor or fraternal organization like the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, or the Catholic Family Life Insurance Society?
  • As Mrs. Jacobson puts it, “The average person might define historical research as the study of the human past and genealogical research as the study of a human’s past. History lays the foundation to understand a group of people. Genealogy lays the foundation to understand a person or family using tangible evidence. Yet history also lays the foundation to understand why individuals and societies behave the way they do. It provides the building materials need to understand the human condition and provide an identity, be it for an individual or a group or an institution.”
  • The initial chapters of History for Genealogists explain the value of historical time lines. Here the reader learns the clues that time lines can suggest about hidden aspects of our ancestors’ lives. Mrs. Jacobson illustrates the virtues of time lines with several case studies.
  • The bulk of her latest volume consists of specific historical time lines that answer fundamental questions about our forebears. For example, if you are trying to learn when your ancestors left one place for another, it would be helpful to ask the question, “Why did they leave?” Did it have to do with a military conflict, social injustice, religion, disease, economic hardship, a natural disaster? No matter what the scenario, Mrs. Jacobson has a historical time line that could lead you to the explanation.
  • For example, your ancestor’s departure may have coincided with the outbreak of the Crimean War, a virulent epidemic, an earthquake, or a religious war. Other chapters pose answers to other crucial questions, such as “How did they go?” and “What route did they take?” For these conundrums Mrs. Jacobson uses time lines to lay out the history of the transportation revolutions in America (roads, rails, canals, and air travel), as well as the history of the great western trails our ancestors followed in crossing the country.
  • Mrs. Jacobson dissects the past into scores of time lines. There is a time line of the Industrial Revolution, of American immigration, and the Labor Movement. Researchers can also make use of a time line for the history of each of the 50 states and, in brief, for the rest of North America, Europe, and more.
  • History for Genealogists concludes with a helpful bibliography and an index of people and places, wars and battles. It is the one history book every genealogist should own when they are searching for fresh clues or hoping to understand what made their ancestors tick. To order your copy, please click on the following URL:
  • www.genealogical.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&item_number=9956
  • Also by Judy Jacobson . . .
  • A Field Guide for Genealogists
  • This handy book is designed to remove any number of stumbling blocks and to answer thousands of other practical questions that quite naturally arise during a research trip. For example, the Field Guide includes sections on the basics of dating photographs and identifying historical eras from hairstyles or clothing. Similarly, legal terms found in genealogical records are identified in one of the several glossaries–glossaries of genealogical terms, nicknames, surnames, place names, and occupations. Mrs. Jacobson provides a section on problems to anticipate at the county courthouse, offers hints for deciphering old handwriting, discusses different types of calendars, and gives time lines of American history, migration, and transportation.
  • A Genealogist’s Refresher Course
  • A Genealogist’s Refresher Course is less a how-to book than a collection of first-hand experiences, do’s and don’ts, and privileged information. The author reminds us at the outset that success in genealogy is not an overnight experience, and roadblocks and dead-ends along the way are part of the process. One of the most valuable chapters in the book contains a list of nearly 100 different kinds of sources of genealogical information, including anniversary announcements, bank statements, business licenses, memorial cards, health records, medals, newspaper clippings, subpoenas, and many other record categories that genealogists may fail to consult. It may just be the refresher course you’re looking for.

Clues in Names

Clues in Names

  1. Clues in Names”
  2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
  3. ~~~~~~~~~~~~
  4. (Excerpted from Unpuzzling Your Past. Fourth Edition, Updated, by Emily Anne Croom, pp. 37-39.)
  5. Naming practices vary from place to place and generation to generation. However, certain consistencies have existed for nearly four centuries in the area we now call the United States. Children were, and still are, often named for parents, grandparents, and other relatives.
  6. Namesakes

    For generations, given names have come from surnames, such as Allen, Cameron, Clyde, Davis, Dudley, Elliot, Glenn, Keith, Lloyd, Spencer, and many others. This practice gave these nineteenth-century Southerners interesting name combinations: Green Cash, Ransom Cash, Pleasant Pigg, Wiley Crook, Hardy Flowers, Eaton Cotton, Green P. Rice, and DeForest Menace. When an ancestor has a surname as a given name, think clue. Was it the mother’s maiden name? A grandmother’s maiden name? Another relative’s given name? Only research can answer these questions.

    For example, Benjamin Allen Phillips (1801) was named for his grandfather Benjamin Allen. Emily Cooper (1882) was named for her father’s deceased first wife, Emily (Blalock) Cooper. Emily Cooper Blalock (1874) was named for the same deceased lady, in this case, her father’s sister. On the other hand, Pitser Miller Blaloc (1848) was named for a neighbor not thought to be a relative.

  7. Naming Patterns

    Various genealogists have suggested a pattern to naming practices of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in England and Wales, which may give clues for studying families of the American colonies and the United States.

    Eldest son-often named for the father’s father
    Second son-for the mother’s father
    Third son-for the father
    Fourth son-for the father’s eldest brother
    Eldest daughter-for the mother’s mother
    Second daughter for the father’s mother
    Third daughter-for the mother
    Fourth daughter-for the mother’s eldest sister

    In the United States, this pattern may be considered a possibility but not a rule. Some families did name eldest sons for paternal grandfathers, but the naming of children for relatives generally followed no particular pattern or order. Families also named eldest sons for relatives on both sides of the family or for no one in particular.

    Each of the following was an eldest child. Hunter Orgain Metcalfe (1887) was given his maternal grandmother’s maiden name, Orgain. Samuel Black Brelsford (1829) was named for his maternal grandfather, Samuel Black. Edward Philpot Blalock (1837) was named for his father’s foster brother, Edward Philpot. Mary Eliza Catherine Coleman (1848) received a name from each.grandmother.

    Be alert to recurring given names or middle names in a family, especially over several generations. The middle name Steele in the Isaac McFadden family of Chester County, South Carolina, was used for one of his children and several of his grandchildren and great-grandchildren. The name turned out to be the maiden name of Isaac’s first wife, Elizabeth Steele. The other recurring middle name in that family was Ewing, the middle name of two of Isaac’s children and several descendants. Perhaps it is a clue to someone else’s maiden name. Studying the extended family cluster helps you identify such repetition of names and may identify the reason.

  8. Given Names

    The genealogist becomes aware of other naming practices. Of course, a daughter was, and still is, sometimes given a feminine form of her father’s name: Josephine (Joseph), Georgianna (George), Pauline (Paul), or Philippa (Philip). Almanzon Huston had a daughter named Almazona.

    Some children were, and are, indeed named for relatives. However, others carry the names of famous Americans or prominent local personalities. In the early years of the republic, some families showed their patriotic feelings by naming daughters or sons Liberty, Justice, or America. Other nineteenth-century families gave daughters the same names as states and cities: Arizona, Carolina, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Missouri, Philadelphia, Tennessee, and Virginia. Nineteenth-century census records revealed these interesting names. Florida Ferry, Arkansas Neighbors, French Fort, Egypt Land, Vienna Wood, and Australia Shepherd.

    These people from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries had a title for a given name: Major Topping, Admiral Croom, Squire Blalock, Pharaoh Lee, Doctor Godwin, Lieutenant Campbell, and Patsy Empress Jones.

    Every culture and era seem to have names whose origins are obscure. They may be nicknames, made-up names, combinations of other names, names of characters in literature of the period, or place names. Parents may have simply liked the sound of a name or wanted to choose something different. Sometimes the names researchers find in records are the result of phonetic spelling. Some may be corruptions of other names or attempts to keep names in a family within a particular pattern, such as names in alphabetical order or names beginning with the same initials. These are some of the numerous such names found in this country from 1750 to the present: Benoba, Bivy, Bozilla, Callie, Dicy, Dovie, Fena, Floice, Hattie, Jincey, Kitsey, Laney, Levicy, Lottie, Lovie, Luvenia, Mittie, Nicey, Olan, Olean, Ora, Ottie, Ozora, Parilee, Parizade, Periby, (Pheribah, PheribyY, Fereby), Perlissa, Rebia, and Sinah.

  9. Of related interest . . .
    If you want to examine naming practices in greater depth–and enjoy yourself in the process–be sure to get your hands on Lloyd Bockstruck’s brand new book, The Name IS the Game. This concise, illustrative book covers the role of aliases, adoption of a step-parent’s surname, the role of dialects, surname abbreviations, use of maiden names as forenames, ethnic naming patterns, and much more. By the time you finish this book, you will be much more cognizant that a name change may be the actual cause of an ancestor’s “disappearance,” and, best of all, will possess the tools for finding the missing antecedent. For more information, visit the following URL:
  10. http://www.genealogical.com/
  11. index.php?main_page=product_
  12. info&item_number=8006

Spelling and Your Ancestors

Spelling and Your Ancestors

 

(The following article is excerpted from Val Greenwood’s acclaimed textbook, The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. 3rd Edition, pp. 32-35, which is described at the end of this excerpt.)

The lack of standardized spellings and the use of phonetic spellings can be very sticky problems. If you go back just 100 years you will find that a large percentage of the population could not read, more still could not write (and many people were able to write only their own names), and even more could not spell. Most persons who did write did not concern themselves particularly with so-called standard spellings, but rather spelled words just as they sounded–phonetically–with local accents. Also realize that the early settlers of America were emigrants from many foreign lands. There were many accents, and when records were made the scribe wrote what he heard, accent and all.

What is the significance of these facts? It means that you will oftentimes be called upon to decipher scripts in which you will puzzle over simple words just because they are misspelled and written in an unfamiliar hand.

However, the main problem is in the spellings of names (especially surnames) and places. In the will which he made in 1754 in Pasquotank County, North Carolina, Jeremiah Wilcox’s surname is spelled two different ways–Willcox and Willcocks. In other documents it is spelled still other ways–Wilcox, Wilcocks, Welcox, Wellcocks, Welcocks, etc.–but Jeremiah could not write himself (he made a mark for his signature) so he probably had no idea as to what the correct spelling was or if it was ever being spelled correctly. The name and its spelling were entirely at the mercy of the person who chanced to make the record.

This highlights the fallacy of a practice common in many modern families–that of assuming that if the name is not spelled in a certain way it cannot belong to the same family. Persons with such ideas will pass over important genealogical records because the name happens to be spelled with an “a” rather than an “e,” with an “ie” rather than a “y,” or with one “n” rather than with two. Be especially careful of this when the two related spellings of a name are found in the same geographic area. The connection, of course, is not guaranteed, as it is not guaranteed even when the spellings are exactly the same, but it is worth investigating the possibility.

Also, because of this spelling problem, we must be extremely careful in our use of indexes. We must consider every possible spelling of the name sought. It is very easy to overlook some of the less logical (to us) possibilities and thus many valuable records. Local dialects and foreign accents often make a significant difference. The pronunciation of a name may be quite different in Massachusetts than it is in Georgia, and so might its spelling.

In law this is called the Rule of “Idem Sonans.” This means that in order to establish legal proof of relationship from documentary evidence it is not necessary for the name to be spelled absolutely accurately if, as spelled, it conveys to the ear, when pronounced in the accepted ways, a sound practically identical to the correctly spelled name as properly pronounced.

A few years ago I worked for some time on a problem where the same surname was found spelled twenty-four different ways in the very same locality, some of them even beginning with a different letter of the alphabet. The correct spelling of the name (supposedly) was “Ingold,” but the following variations were found: Ingle, Ingell, Ingles, Ingells, Ingel, Ingels, Ingeld, Inkle, Inkles, Inkell, Ingolde, Engold, Engolde, Engle, Engell, Engles, Engells, Engel, Engels, Engeld, Angold, Angle, and Ankold. These several variations were all found in the same family at the same time. Would you have considered all of them, or would you have stopped with those that began with “I”?

Other less likely possibilities for this name are Jugold and Jugle. Such errors could easily occur in an index because of the similarities between the capital I’s and J’s and the small n’s and u’s.

Another family changed the spelling of its name from Beatty to Baitey when moving from one location to another. In still another instance the surname Kerr was found interchanged with Carr. Whether these spelling changes were intentional is unknown, but the intention makes little difference. In one family three brothers deliberately spelled their surname in different ways–Matlock, Matlack, and Matlick. In his history of the Zabriskie family, George 0. Zabriskie reports having dealt with 123 variations of that name, though certainly not all in the same locality or the same time period. [END of excerpt]

If you found this excerpt fascinating–and helpful–you might want to take a closer look  at Val Greenwood’s handy textbook, The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. 3rd Edition. Among other things, The Researcher’s Guide contains an in-depth discussion of death and other vital records in the U.S., including where and how to find them. This third edition incorporates the latest thinking on genealogy and computers, specifically the relationship between computer technology (the Internet and CD-ROM) and the timeless principles of good genealogical research. It also includes a new chapter on the property rights of women, a revised chapter on the evaluation of genealogical evidence, and updated information on the 1920 census. Arguably the best book ever written on American genealogy, it is the text of choice in colleges and universities or wherever courses in American genealogy are taught.

For more information or to order, visit the following URL:

http://www.genealogical.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&item_number=2362

Of Related Interest . . .

Reading Early American Handwriting

This book is designed to teach you how to read and understand the handwriting found in documents commonly used in genealogical research. It explains techniques for reading early American documents; provides samples of alphabets and letter forms; defines terms and abbreviations commonly used in early American documents such as wills, deeds, and church records; and, furthermore, presents numerous examples of early American records for the reader to work with. Each document–nearly 100 of them at various stages of complexity–appears with the author’s transcription on a facing page, enabling the reader to check his/her own transcription. Also covered in the book, with particular emphasis on handwriting, are numbers and roman numerals, dates and the change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, abbreviations and contractions, and standard terms found in early American records.

What’s in a Name? Everything You Wanted to Know

This charming book by Leonard Ashley will tell you the facts behind the names of persons, places, and things; about how names are chosen for business and for success; how they are used for everything from tracing settlement patterns to telling fortunes; how given names have their fashions; where surnames had their origins–everything you wanted to know about names in the U.S. and around the globe.

American Surnames

This classic from etymologist Elsdon Smith begins with a discussion of the development of hereditary surnames and then concentrates on six broad categories: classification of surnames, surnames from father’s name (patronymics), surnames from occupation or office, surnames from description or action (nicknames), surnames from places, and surnames not properly included elsewhere.