Early 1800’s Native American Tribes

I have done quite a bit of Native American research over the past several years and when I first started I knew nothing about the names, location or the number of tribes that originally existed. Since then I have compiled listings of the tribes from various books. In addition to purchasing a small 8 x 10 map of the U.S. that shows where all the tribes were located. This map has been an enormous help. Here is a listing of the tribes that I have found. I’m sure that there probably many more tribes that I do not have listed and I apologize for their exclusion. If you know of others that I do not have, please let me know.

North America Native Tribes by Area, circa, early to mid 1800’s

Northeast

Abenaki, Algonkin, Beothuk, Cayuga, Chippewa (Ojibway), Erie, Fox, Huron, Illinois, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Lenni Lanape (Delaware), Mahican, Malecite, Mascouten, Massachuset, Mattabesic, Menominee, Metoac, Miami, Micmac, Mohawk, Mohegan, Montagnais, Montauk, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Nauset, Neutral, Nipissing, Nipmuc, Onondaga, Oneida, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Pennacook, Penobscot, Pequot, Pocumtuck, Potawatomi, Sac, Seneca, Shawnee, Susquehannock, Tionontati, Tobacco, Tuscarora, Wampanoag, Wappinger, Wenro, Winnebago

Southeast

Acolapissa, Ais, Alabama, Algonquin, Apalachee, Atakapa, Bayougoula, Biloxi, Calusa, Catawba, Chakchiuma, Chatot, Cherokee, Chesapeake, Chickasaw, Chitamacha, Choctaw, Coushatta, Creek, Cusabo, Eno, Gaucata, Guale, Hitchiti, Houma, Jeaga, Karankawa, Lumbee, Miccosukee, Mobile, Monacan, Napochi, Nappissa, Natchez, Ofo, Powhatan, Quapaw, Seminole, Siouan, Sugeree, Tekesta, Teyesta, Timucua, Tocobaga, Tohome, Tunica, Tuskegee, Tutelo, Wateree, Woccon, Yamasee, Yazoo, Yuchi

Northwest

Alsea, Bella Bella, Calapuya, Cathlament, Chehalis, Chimakum, Chetco, Chillucktittequaw, Chinook, Clackamas, Clatskani, Clatsop, Coast Salishans, Coos, Cowich, Cowlitz, Eyak, Gitksan, Haida, Haisla, Heiltsuk, Hoh,Kalapuya, Klallam, Kwakiutl, Kwalhioqua, Lushootseed, Makah, Multomah, Nisga’a, Nootka, Oynut, Ozette, Queets, Quileute, Quinault, Siletz, Siuslaw, Taidhapam, Takelma, Tillamook, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Tututni, Umpqua, Yakonan, Yaquina

Southwest

Apache, Chiricahua (Apache), Coahuiltecan, Cocopah, Halchidhoma, Havasupai, Hopi, Hualapi, Jano, Jicarilla (Apache), Jumano, Karankawa, Keres, Manso, Maricopa, Mimbreno (Apache), Mescalero (Apache), Mojave, Navajo, Opata, Pai, Papago, Pecos, Pima, Piro, Pueblo, Tiwa, Tewa, Towa (Jemez), Walapai, Yavapai, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma (Quechan), Zuni

Plains

Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Bidai, Blackfoot, Blood, Caddo, Cheyenne, Comanche, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Iowa, Kaw(Kansa), Kichai, Kiowa, Lakota, Lipan, Mandan, Metis, Missouri, Nakota, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Pawnee, Piegan, Plains Ojibway, Ponca, Quapaw,Santee, Sarcee, Sutai, Tawakoni, Teton, Tonkawa, Wichita, Yanktona (Sioux)

Plateau

Carrier, Cayuse, Couer D”Alene, Columbia, Colville, Dock-Spus, Eneeshur, Flathead, Kalispel, Kawachkin, Kittital, Klamath, Klickitat, Kootenay, Kosith, Lake, Lillooet, Methow, Modac, Molala, Nez Perce, Nicola, Ntlakyapamuk, Okanagan, Palouse, Sanpoil, Shuswap, Sinkiuse, Spokane, Tenino, Thompson, Umatilla, Walla Walla, Wasco, Wauyukma,, Wenatchee, Wishram, Wyampum, Yakima

California

Achomawi, Atsugewi, Cahuilla, Cahto, Chimariko, Chilula, Chumash, Costanoan, Cupeno, Diegueno, Esselen, Gabrielino, Hoopa, Karok, Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Konkow, Lassik, Luiseno, Maidu, Mattole, Mission, Miwok, Monache, Mono, Nisenan, Nomlaki, Nongatl, Patwin, Pomo, Salinas, Serrano, Shasta, Sinkyone, Tolowa, Tubatulabal, Wailaki, Wappo, Whilkut, Wintun, Wiyot, Yaha, Yokuts, Yuki, Yuman, Yurok

Great Basin

Bannock, Chemehuevi, Mono, Paiute, Panamint, Sheepeater, Shoshone, Ute, Washo

Artic & Subarctic

Ahtena, Aleut, Beaver, Beothuk, Carrier, Chilcotin, Chipewyan, Ojibway(Chippewa), Cree, Dogrib, Hare Ingalik, , Inuit, Koyukon, Kutchin,Montagnais, Nahane, Naskapi, Sekani, Slave, Tahltan, Tsetsaut, Tutchone, Tanain

This listing is compiled from several sources and have tried to include all the Tribes and to check spelling, but if you find an error or omission, please let me know. Thanks.

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