Tag Archives: resources

Resources For Living People


Oklahoma Resources

Oklahoma Resources

1890 O.T. Index.url

Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name

89 Places for Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name: A Checklist of Sources, by William Dollarhide

  Discovering the maiden name of a female is often the biggest problem we have in genealogy. Whether you are researching your families in person, through the mail, or by searching the Internet for sources, the basic search is still the same. As in all research tasks, we need to identify the possible places where such a record exists, and in particular, to find the place where an actual document may exist that mentions the birth name of a woman. Here is a basic checklist of some places to look:

 Birth Records

– Birth certificates

– Delayed birth records

– Corrected birth records

– Affidavits for correcting birth records

– Newspaper birth announcements

Oral histories

– Published biographies

– Personal diaries & journals

Marriage Records

– Marriage applications & licenses

– Marriage certificates

– Newspaper announcements

– Family Bible

Divorce Records

– Newspaper announcements

– Court proceedings

– State or county-wide vital records indexes

Death Records

– Burial permits

– Death certificates

– Newspaper announcements

– Obituaries

– Funeral records

– VA burial database online


– Sexton’s office

– Tombstone inscriptions

– Cemetery maps and indexes

Census Records

– Name of father-in-law included in a family grouping

– Brother-in-law included in a family grouping

– 1890 Veteran’s census including widows of veterans

– 1925 Iowa State Census (only U.S. census with the question, “Maiden Name of Mother?” for

every person listed).

– Names of neighbors, as clues to sibling’s names

– Clues from parents birthplace, leading to further census work

Major Databases & Indexes

– Google searching

– FamilySearch.org searching

– Ancestry.com, et al

– RootsWeb family name searching

– Name indexes on the Internet

Vital Records Indexes & Compilations

– Kentucky birth/death index (as an example of several states available on the Internet)

– The Barbour Collection (for Connecticut, as an example of published compilations)

– New England vital records (as an example of published town reports)

– County-wide indexes, such as the many RootsWeb county pages of the Internet

Bible records

– State-wide collections, such as those at Virginia and Louisiana state archives

– Home and relatives’ sources

– Church collections (Bibles donated to churches for Sunday School)

Probate Records

– Wills

– Administration records

– Appointments of administrators/executors

– Dispositions and judgments (naming heirs)

– Estate settlements

Church Records

– Confirmations

– Marriages

– Christenings

– Baptisms

– Burials

– Death Notices

– Church membership lists

– Vestry records

Medical Records (may be accessible to close relatives only)

– Doctor’s office

– Hospital

– Nursing Home


– Civil War soldiers & sailors online index

– Correspondence

– Miscellaneous home sources

– Oral interviews

– Patriotic society membership applications

– Funeral home records

– Hospital records

– Soldier home records

– Land ownership & deed records

– Civil court records

– Criminal court records

– Newspaper articles

– Social Security applications

– Social Security job history records

– Draft registration record

– Driver’s license

– Frakturs and needlepoints (family names)

– Fraternal club record

– Homestead record

– Immigration record

– Insurance papers

– Military personnel records

– Military medical records

– Military burial records

– Naturalization records

– Personal journals and diaries

– Professional license applications

– Passports applications

– Pensions

– Queries at mags/websites

– Voter registrations

– Who’s Who/compiled biographies

Reference Works for Finding Maiden Names

The Hidden Half of the Family

In this book, Christina Schaefer spells out the various legal categories of information relevant to women’s genealogy at both the federal and state level, and furnishes a time line of important events in each state’s history regarding women and the law. The bulk of the volume consists of a review of United States laws bearing on women’s ancestry and a state-by-state breakdown of those statutes having the greatest import for finding women ancestors. In addition to the chronology, each state chapter contains notes on the periods of coverage and location of pertinent records, and a bibliography. If you are stymied by the missing women in your past, the best place to turn for solid advice is The Hidden Half of the Family.

Female Index to James Savage’s “Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England”

Because Savage’s Dictionary was originally published one volume at a time, in alphabetical order, the author never produced an index to the work as a whole. This limitation has always made it difficult to find female ancestors. Now, however, thanks to the heroic efforts of the late Patty Barthell Myers, the difficulty of finding females in Savage’s Dictionary is a thing of the past. In her book Mrs. Myers identifies every woman/girl to be found in the Dictionary. Each female appears in the Myers Index under a maiden name and, separately, under the name of her husband.

Note to Our Readers: Have you found evidence of an ancestor’s maiden name in sources other than those listed in Mr. Dollarhide’s checklist above? If so, please let us know by sending your finding to info@genealogical.com. We will gather up all the responses over the next few weeks and publish them in a future edition of “Genealogy Pointers.” There are 89 items listed in the article; perhaps your source could become the 90th.

Inserted from  Genealogical.com tips@genealogical.com

History for Genealogists

    History for Genealogists. Using Chronological Time Lines to find and Understand Your Ancestors, by Judy Jacobson

  • With this book, accomplished author Judy Jacobson returns with a vast array of historical time lines that are guaranteed to inform your family history. Consider the following illustrations: If you have lost track of your 1880 ancestor in Iowa, have you considered that he might have moved there during the Economic Panic of 1873?
  • Your forebears were living in Texas in the 1840s, but did you know that they might have come from Kentucky as part of the “Peters’ Colony” settlement?
  • Did you know that you can learn a great deal about your ancestors if they belonged to a labor or fraternal organization like the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, or the Catholic Family Life Insurance Society?
  • As Mrs. Jacobson puts it, “The average person might define historical research as the study of the human past and genealogical research as the study of a human’s past. History lays the foundation to understand a group of people. Genealogy lays the foundation to understand a person or family using tangible evidence. Yet history also lays the foundation to understand why individuals and societies behave the way they do. It provides the building materials need to understand the human condition and provide an identity, be it for an individual or a group or an institution.”
  • The initial chapters of History for Genealogists explain the value of historical time lines. Here the reader learns the clues that time lines can suggest about hidden aspects of our ancestors’ lives. Mrs. Jacobson illustrates the virtues of time lines with several case studies.
  • The bulk of her latest volume consists of specific historical time lines that answer fundamental questions about our forebears. For example, if you are trying to learn when your ancestors left one place for another, it would be helpful to ask the question, “Why did they leave?” Did it have to do with a military conflict, social injustice, religion, disease, economic hardship, a natural disaster? No matter what the scenario, Mrs. Jacobson has a historical time line that could lead you to the explanation.
  • For example, your ancestor’s departure may have coincided with the outbreak of the Crimean War, a virulent epidemic, an earthquake, or a religious war. Other chapters pose answers to other crucial questions, such as “How did they go?” and “What route did they take?” For these conundrums Mrs. Jacobson uses time lines to lay out the history of the transportation revolutions in America (roads, rails, canals, and air travel), as well as the history of the great western trails our ancestors followed in crossing the country.
  • Mrs. Jacobson dissects the past into scores of time lines. There is a time line of the Industrial Revolution, of American immigration, and the Labor Movement. Researchers can also make use of a time line for the history of each of the 50 states and, in brief, for the rest of North America, Europe, and more.
  • History for Genealogists concludes with a helpful bibliography and an index of people and places, wars and battles. It is the one history book every genealogist should own when they are searching for fresh clues or hoping to understand what made their ancestors tick. To order your copy, please click on the following URL:
  • www.genealogical.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&item_number=9956
  • Also by Judy Jacobson . . .
  • A Field Guide for Genealogists
  • This handy book is designed to remove any number of stumbling blocks and to answer thousands of other practical questions that quite naturally arise during a research trip. For example, the Field Guide includes sections on the basics of dating photographs and identifying historical eras from hairstyles or clothing. Similarly, legal terms found in genealogical records are identified in one of the several glossaries–glossaries of genealogical terms, nicknames, surnames, place names, and occupations. Mrs. Jacobson provides a section on problems to anticipate at the county courthouse, offers hints for deciphering old handwriting, discusses different types of calendars, and gives time lines of American history, migration, and transportation.
  • A Genealogist’s Refresher Course
  • A Genealogist’s Refresher Course is less a how-to book than a collection of first-hand experiences, do’s and don’ts, and privileged information. The author reminds us at the outset that success in genealogy is not an overnight experience, and roadblocks and dead-ends along the way are part of the process. One of the most valuable chapters in the book contains a list of nearly 100 different kinds of sources of genealogical information, including anniversary announcements, bank statements, business licenses, memorial cards, health records, medals, newspaper clippings, subpoenas, and many other record categories that genealogists may fail to consult. It may just be the refresher course you’re looking for.

Clues in Names

Clues in Names

  1. Clues in Names”
  2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
  3. ~~~~~~~~~~~~
  4. (Excerpted from Unpuzzling Your Past. Fourth Edition, Updated, by Emily Anne Croom, pp. 37-39.)
  5. Naming practices vary from place to place and generation to generation. However, certain consistencies have existed for nearly four centuries in the area we now call the United States. Children were, and still are, often named for parents, grandparents, and other relatives.
  6. Namesakes

    For generations, given names have come from surnames, such as Allen, Cameron, Clyde, Davis, Dudley, Elliot, Glenn, Keith, Lloyd, Spencer, and many others. This practice gave these nineteenth-century Southerners interesting name combinations: Green Cash, Ransom Cash, Pleasant Pigg, Wiley Crook, Hardy Flowers, Eaton Cotton, Green P. Rice, and DeForest Menace. When an ancestor has a surname as a given name, think clue. Was it the mother’s maiden name? A grandmother’s maiden name? Another relative’s given name? Only research can answer these questions.

    For example, Benjamin Allen Phillips (1801) was named for his grandfather Benjamin Allen. Emily Cooper (1882) was named for her father’s deceased first wife, Emily (Blalock) Cooper. Emily Cooper Blalock (1874) was named for the same deceased lady, in this case, her father’s sister. On the other hand, Pitser Miller Blaloc (1848) was named for a neighbor not thought to be a relative.

  7. Naming Patterns

    Various genealogists have suggested a pattern to naming practices of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in England and Wales, which may give clues for studying families of the American colonies and the United States.

    Eldest son-often named for the father’s father
    Second son-for the mother’s father
    Third son-for the father
    Fourth son-for the father’s eldest brother
    Eldest daughter-for the mother’s mother
    Second daughter for the father’s mother
    Third daughter-for the mother
    Fourth daughter-for the mother’s eldest sister

    In the United States, this pattern may be considered a possibility but not a rule. Some families did name eldest sons for paternal grandfathers, but the naming of children for relatives generally followed no particular pattern or order. Families also named eldest sons for relatives on both sides of the family or for no one in particular.

    Each of the following was an eldest child. Hunter Orgain Metcalfe (1887) was given his maternal grandmother’s maiden name, Orgain. Samuel Black Brelsford (1829) was named for his maternal grandfather, Samuel Black. Edward Philpot Blalock (1837) was named for his father’s foster brother, Edward Philpot. Mary Eliza Catherine Coleman (1848) received a name from each.grandmother.

    Be alert to recurring given names or middle names in a family, especially over several generations. The middle name Steele in the Isaac McFadden family of Chester County, South Carolina, was used for one of his children and several of his grandchildren and great-grandchildren. The name turned out to be the maiden name of Isaac’s first wife, Elizabeth Steele. The other recurring middle name in that family was Ewing, the middle name of two of Isaac’s children and several descendants. Perhaps it is a clue to someone else’s maiden name. Studying the extended family cluster helps you identify such repetition of names and may identify the reason.

  8. Given Names

    The genealogist becomes aware of other naming practices. Of course, a daughter was, and still is, sometimes given a feminine form of her father’s name: Josephine (Joseph), Georgianna (George), Pauline (Paul), or Philippa (Philip). Almanzon Huston had a daughter named Almazona.

    Some children were, and are, indeed named for relatives. However, others carry the names of famous Americans or prominent local personalities. In the early years of the republic, some families showed their patriotic feelings by naming daughters or sons Liberty, Justice, or America. Other nineteenth-century families gave daughters the same names as states and cities: Arizona, Carolina, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Missouri, Philadelphia, Tennessee, and Virginia. Nineteenth-century census records revealed these interesting names. Florida Ferry, Arkansas Neighbors, French Fort, Egypt Land, Vienna Wood, and Australia Shepherd.

    These people from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries had a title for a given name: Major Topping, Admiral Croom, Squire Blalock, Pharaoh Lee, Doctor Godwin, Lieutenant Campbell, and Patsy Empress Jones.

    Every culture and era seem to have names whose origins are obscure. They may be nicknames, made-up names, combinations of other names, names of characters in literature of the period, or place names. Parents may have simply liked the sound of a name or wanted to choose something different. Sometimes the names researchers find in records are the result of phonetic spelling. Some may be corruptions of other names or attempts to keep names in a family within a particular pattern, such as names in alphabetical order or names beginning with the same initials. These are some of the numerous such names found in this country from 1750 to the present: Benoba, Bivy, Bozilla, Callie, Dicy, Dovie, Fena, Floice, Hattie, Jincey, Kitsey, Laney, Levicy, Lottie, Lovie, Luvenia, Mittie, Nicey, Olan, Olean, Ora, Ottie, Ozora, Parilee, Parizade, Periby, (Pheribah, PheribyY, Fereby), Perlissa, Rebia, and Sinah.

  9. Of related interest . . .
    If you want to examine naming practices in greater depth–and enjoy yourself in the process–be sure to get your hands on Lloyd Bockstruck’s brand new book, The Name IS the Game. This concise, illustrative book covers the role of aliases, adoption of a step-parent’s surname, the role of dialects, surname abbreviations, use of maiden names as forenames, ethnic naming patterns, and much more. By the time you finish this book, you will be much more cognizant that a name change may be the actual cause of an ancestor’s “disappearance,” and, best of all, will possess the tools for finding the missing antecedent. For more information, visit the following URL:
  10. http://www.genealogical.com/
  11. index.php?main_page=product_
  12. info&item_number=8006

Spelling and Your Ancestors

Spelling and Your Ancestors


(The following article is excerpted from Val Greenwood’s acclaimed textbook, The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. 3rd Edition, pp. 32-35, which is described at the end of this excerpt.)

The lack of standardized spellings and the use of phonetic spellings can be very sticky problems. If you go back just 100 years you will find that a large percentage of the population could not read, more still could not write (and many people were able to write only their own names), and even more could not spell. Most persons who did write did not concern themselves particularly with so-called standard spellings, but rather spelled words just as they sounded–phonetically–with local accents. Also realize that the early settlers of America were emigrants from many foreign lands. There were many accents, and when records were made the scribe wrote what he heard, accent and all.

What is the significance of these facts? It means that you will oftentimes be called upon to decipher scripts in which you will puzzle over simple words just because they are misspelled and written in an unfamiliar hand.

However, the main problem is in the spellings of names (especially surnames) and places. In the will which he made in 1754 in Pasquotank County, North Carolina, Jeremiah Wilcox’s surname is spelled two different ways–Willcox and Willcocks. In other documents it is spelled still other ways–Wilcox, Wilcocks, Welcox, Wellcocks, Welcocks, etc.–but Jeremiah could not write himself (he made a mark for his signature) so he probably had no idea as to what the correct spelling was or if it was ever being spelled correctly. The name and its spelling were entirely at the mercy of the person who chanced to make the record.

This highlights the fallacy of a practice common in many modern families–that of assuming that if the name is not spelled in a certain way it cannot belong to the same family. Persons with such ideas will pass over important genealogical records because the name happens to be spelled with an “a” rather than an “e,” with an “ie” rather than a “y,” or with one “n” rather than with two. Be especially careful of this when the two related spellings of a name are found in the same geographic area. The connection, of course, is not guaranteed, as it is not guaranteed even when the spellings are exactly the same, but it is worth investigating the possibility.

Also, because of this spelling problem, we must be extremely careful in our use of indexes. We must consider every possible spelling of the name sought. It is very easy to overlook some of the less logical (to us) possibilities and thus many valuable records. Local dialects and foreign accents often make a significant difference. The pronunciation of a name may be quite different in Massachusetts than it is in Georgia, and so might its spelling.

In law this is called the Rule of “Idem Sonans.” This means that in order to establish legal proof of relationship from documentary evidence it is not necessary for the name to be spelled absolutely accurately if, as spelled, it conveys to the ear, when pronounced in the accepted ways, a sound practically identical to the correctly spelled name as properly pronounced.

A few years ago I worked for some time on a problem where the same surname was found spelled twenty-four different ways in the very same locality, some of them even beginning with a different letter of the alphabet. The correct spelling of the name (supposedly) was “Ingold,” but the following variations were found: Ingle, Ingell, Ingles, Ingells, Ingel, Ingels, Ingeld, Inkle, Inkles, Inkell, Ingolde, Engold, Engolde, Engle, Engell, Engles, Engells, Engel, Engels, Engeld, Angold, Angle, and Ankold. These several variations were all found in the same family at the same time. Would you have considered all of them, or would you have stopped with those that began with “I”?

Other less likely possibilities for this name are Jugold and Jugle. Such errors could easily occur in an index because of the similarities between the capital I’s and J’s and the small n’s and u’s.

Another family changed the spelling of its name from Beatty to Baitey when moving from one location to another. In still another instance the surname Kerr was found interchanged with Carr. Whether these spelling changes were intentional is unknown, but the intention makes little difference. In one family three brothers deliberately spelled their surname in different ways–Matlock, Matlack, and Matlick. In his history of the Zabriskie family, George 0. Zabriskie reports having dealt with 123 variations of that name, though certainly not all in the same locality or the same time period. [END of excerpt]

If you found this excerpt fascinating–and helpful–you might want to take a closer look  at Val Greenwood’s handy textbook, The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. 3rd Edition. Among other things, The Researcher’s Guide contains an in-depth discussion of death and other vital records in the U.S., including where and how to find them. This third edition incorporates the latest thinking on genealogy and computers, specifically the relationship between computer technology (the Internet and CD-ROM) and the timeless principles of good genealogical research. It also includes a new chapter on the property rights of women, a revised chapter on the evaluation of genealogical evidence, and updated information on the 1920 census. Arguably the best book ever written on American genealogy, it is the text of choice in colleges and universities or wherever courses in American genealogy are taught.

For more information or to order, visit the following URL:


Of Related Interest . . .

Reading Early American Handwriting

This book is designed to teach you how to read and understand the handwriting found in documents commonly used in genealogical research. It explains techniques for reading early American documents; provides samples of alphabets and letter forms; defines terms and abbreviations commonly used in early American documents such as wills, deeds, and church records; and, furthermore, presents numerous examples of early American records for the reader to work with. Each document–nearly 100 of them at various stages of complexity–appears with the author’s transcription on a facing page, enabling the reader to check his/her own transcription. Also covered in the book, with particular emphasis on handwriting, are numbers and roman numerals, dates and the change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, abbreviations and contractions, and standard terms found in early American records.

What’s in a Name? Everything You Wanted to Know

This charming book by Leonard Ashley will tell you the facts behind the names of persons, places, and things; about how names are chosen for business and for success; how they are used for everything from tracing settlement patterns to telling fortunes; how given names have their fashions; where surnames had their origins–everything you wanted to know about names in the U.S. and around the globe.

American Surnames

This classic from etymologist Elsdon Smith begins with a discussion of the development of hereditary surnames and then concentrates on six broad categories: classification of surnames, surnames from father’s name (patronymics), surnames from occupation or office, surnames from description or action (nicknames), surnames from places, and surnames not properly included elsewhere.

History of Randolph County, Indiana By E. Tucker

History of Randolph County, Indiana  By E. Tucker

Green Township

Pages 499-503

perhaps reveal to those who may nt thnt time be inhabitants of this region and to the dwellers in this county, in thnt distant era; and to the historian of that coming time, we trustfully commit the now Intent possibilities and the yet unrevealed history of that rising city.

StrnbtHpillr. -Israel Wirt. Jonathan Groen. proprietors. Location. Sections 13 and 14. Town 21. Range 12; C. G. Goodrich, survevor. Flat snrveyod December 24. 1830. Recorded July 28, 1840; twenty, four’lots. Town extinct.

It was laid out by Israel Wirt and Jonathan Green in 1840. It stands upon Sections 13 and 14. Town 21. Range 12. on the south side of the Mississinewa River, though not very near to that stream. There was once a tanynrd, a store, kept by Israel Wirt, a smith shop by Julian and four or live houses. A cemetery lies near the plae« which is still in use and in reasonable ropnir. Thr town never did much business, nor was ever prosperous, and it has been entirely dead for more than twenty years. The place is not oven a cross-roads.” but a spot where <tu east and west road strikes a north and south one. Mr. Wirt, one of the proprietors, was one of the first pioneers of that region, and died in the summer of 1890, at the advanced age of about eighty years. The town was surveyed and platted December 24. 1830, and recorded July 2S. 1540. Though planted during the early settlement of the township, fate wns against it. and it had to succumb.


Thomas Hubbard has a stone quarry north of Fairvicw. Mr. Dougherty has a stone quarry one mile east of Fairview.

Greeu Township is somewhat strongly Republican in politics.

Gravel is by no means scarce, though the people are only lately beginning to realize what use to make of it nod to apply it thereto. Sand is obtained chiotly from the bod of the Mississinewa, and the quality is good.

There have been no pikes in the region. The first in the township wns commenced in 1880 from Ridgeville west to the county line via Fairviow. nnd others, also, arc projected in various directions.


No railroads cross the limits of Grocn, yet five lines are within a moderate distance from Fairvicw: Pan-Handle road, with stations as follows: Powers, seven miles from Fairview; Redkey. live miles; Dunkirk, six and ono hnlf mires.

” Boe Line ”—Parker, eight miles; Farmland, eleven miles. Shoe-Fly nud l’nn-Handle Crossing “—Ridgevillo, oight miles.

Muncie & Fort Wayne Railroad—Eaton, nine miles.

Lake Erie & Western—Albany, two and one-half miles

Thus the people of Green Township are well supplied with markets in every direction, hut all outside their own limits, and. heronftor, towns in Green Township will be hard to find nnd equally difficult to locate and build

Philip Bargor l»orn in Fayette County. Ohio, in 1S15. His j parents were Virginians who left that Stnto on account of slnv- | ory. His father died when Philip was young. Mr. Barger : came to look at the country in 1840, nnd enter*! land in the fall of that yoar (145 acres). He married Elizabeth Strong October I 4, 1838. in Delawaro County, Ind.. came to Randolph County, Ind.. to live and settle October 24. 1838. They have had seven children, four of whom grew up and throe nre living. His wife died August 7, 1877. He has been by occupation a farmer, and has also held sevoral public trust*. He has been Township Assessor, Justice of tho Peace four years, County Commissioner two terms, once about thirty years ago, and also in 1572-75 He i was one of the board that built the new court house, and is satisBed that they did right He has a line farm, is an active, intol- , ligent man. n Republican, a strong temperance man. and alto- I gother a valuable and esteemed citizen. He is substantial and j reliable, solid but uot showy, fond of knowledge, has a large | supply of instructive books, a steadfast friend and supporter of i morality and education nnd of every good cause. Although I verging toward threescore years and ten, he is yet strong and ! vigorous, and enjoys ntteution to business.

John Bone is nn early settler. He has been twice married. He is a mechanic nnd a farmer, and, though now threescore years and ten. he yut practices his trade as a carpenter. He was once a Whig, but is now a Democrat, since he votes with that party. Ho is ovor seventy years old. and has resided in Green Township for moro forty-five years and now resides in the little town of Fairview.

Thomas Brown was born in East Tennessee, and came to Randolph County. Ind., in 1832, settling in Green Township in 1833. His family were all grown nod married, and all came together to the now country. They were David, Thomas and

James, sons nnd married; Rebecca (Davis), (McCarnish).

Sarah (Green), (White), Catharine (Gray). They all

settled together, making up a colony in the woods. Nearly the whole connection (except the Greens) went to Iowa about 1S37, leaving their places for ether new-comers.

John Ford was born in the city of New York in 1S02; his father removed to Richmond, Ya., in 1808, and afterward to Rockbridge County, Va In 1810, they came to Fayette County, Ohio, and, in 1823. to Clinton County, Ohio. Young Ford was now of age, but poor and dostituto, yet bent on earning a home, nnd traveled a gTcat doal in early life. He married Elizabeth Johnson in Clinton County in 1827. In 1820, ho came to Randolph Countv. and roamed the woods back and forth. From Judge Sample’s, on White River, to John Byles’, in Delaware County, there was no road nor tho somblance of one. He selected land where Albany now stands, but his uncle dissuaded him. declaring thnt ho (Ford) would never live to see it settled. Ho did. finally, some years afterward, August 20, 1838, enter land in Green’ Township, 120 acres. E. X. E. and X. W. N. E. 25, 21, 12. on Elkhorn. He moved to the tract in 1530, and has resided upon it forty-two years. He is a farmer, has owned 240 acres, now has 101) acres. He was s Presbyterian, but there have been none in tho region, and he has stood aloof from church membership. In politics, originally n Democrat, ho has been of late years a Republican. Whon he raised bis cabin men had to come from Cabin Creek to help him perform the work. When he explored the region, in 1820. he came to Sample’s Mill, struck across the woods, pathless nnd waste, to John Byles’. looked at the land, thence took an Indian trail to the ” Godfrey trace,” and followed it to somewhere north of Winchester, got lost, but found his way to Winchester before his comrades arrived. M’hat was remarkable, ho says he was not aware of any settlers on tho Mississinewa. At Winchester the court bouse was made of beech logs. Thero was onlv one frarao building in the town. From Winchester he struck {or Greenville, performing tho whole journey on foot.

(Note.—It would seem ns though Mr. Ford’s journey must have been earlier than he puts it. as the brick court house was let in 1820 and finished in 1328.)

Mr. Ford has been a groat hunter, hnving killed oight deer in one day, nod three or four often, nnd sometimes live. He has killed the highest number spoken of above in half s Jay. He shot forty-nine that first fait, from October to a little after NewYear’s. The skins and the hams he would sell, the rest of the carcass would, for the most part, be left in the woods.

Mr. Ford says there was one store and quite a good one. and nothing elso. at the town of Rockingham, on the Mississinewa. located on Section 17. Town 21, Range 13, five miles west of Ridgeville. and recorded March 20, 1830. It seems that the towu died, for Mr. Ford is the first person who appears to have known that such a town wns ever there. He says that the store continued about eighteen months, but that the town was never built and thnt thurc wot never anything besides. Mr. Ford has but a slonder appreciation of the glory of Lewallyn’s Mill, at Ridgeville, since he says that it was a little old “corn-cracker not much larger than a hog pen.” Probably it was not very sightly beside the modern palaces at which farmers get their wheat changed to superfine flour of the most superior brand However, ninny a worthy family were profoundly thankful for the existence of that poor little mill, and lived bounteously on the corn meal made by running the corn through its home-made mill-stones. Mr. Ford enjoys a sprightly old age, having borne cheerfully and well the hardships and privations of his wilderness hunter life.

Nathan Godwin was born in Delaware in 1730. He married Elizabeth West in 1810; she was bora in 1784. They had seven children, all of whom are living, and nil ore marrieJ and have families, some of them large ones. Mr. Godwin has bad fortysix grandchildren and eighty great-grandchildren. He emigrated from Delaware to Virginia, thence to Pennsylvania, thence to Highland County, Ohio, and from there to Green Township, Randolph County, Ind., in 1837. Ue entered 520 acres of land, and bought eighty acres more, making in all 000 acres. He was a farmer, a Methodist and a Republican. He lived to be very old. dying in 1875, at the great age of ninety-five years oigbt months and eight days. His body was interred at Foirview Cemetery, as was also his wifo, wbo died many years before her husband. July ’24, 1843, aged fifty-eight years nine months and three days.

Thomas Godwin is the youngest son of Nathan Godwin. He was born in 1300, married Nanoy Ann Ewing, in 1845, has had ten children, six of whom are living, and three are married. He lives in the town of Fairview and keeps a iiotel there, being also a farmer, owning 102 acres of land. He is a Methodist and a Republican. He is an active and respected member of ton community, and a loading and influential citizen.

Jonathan Green was bora in East Tennessee in 1702. He emigrated to Randolph County in 1832, living a year at Sampletown, and settling in Green Township in 1833. He entered three J forties” and followed the vocation of farming till his death, in 18S0, at the age of sixty.seven. He wss the first Justice of the Peace in Green Township, and held the office sixteen years. He married Sarah Brown in East Tennessee and they had eleven children, eight of whom grew up, seven were married aud six ore living now. When he came Alexander Garringer and Martin Boots ware the only persons residing in (he township, three miles down the river opposite Fairview. He came in March, cleared six acres and planted it in corn, having raised a crop in 1832 on White Rivor, and, daring the summer of 1834, bought a little corn and never bought another bushel of com as long as he lived. Only oon house was to be found on the way to White River, Peter Hester’s. William Addington lived at Ridgeville. James Addington came on the Mississinewa after awhile. He came near being broken up at one time. The clerk of a mercantile firm at Rockingham (a town on the Mississinewa below Ridgeville, long years ago oxtinct) left some notes belonging to the firm with him. as Magistrate, to be collected, with order* to pay the money to certain creditors of the firm. He did so, but the firm denied his anthority. and sued him for the money. The olerk had absconded, and as he could not prove his authority for ton payments he had made, the rascally firm got judgment against him, and he had to refnnd to thorn 1300 or $400, which in those times was a greet snm. A large company of relatives cam* together from Tennessee, the Brown connection, comprising some nine families, and all settled on the Missis sinews. They stopped a year on White River and raised a crop, entered their land, went over to the Mississinewa and builtshantiea, and, in March, 1833, moved to their new homes, and sottled down to live in good earnest. They had built up the ” pens ” to the chimneys, with no jambs, nor back walls, nor chimney tops, and filed those things afterward.

The wolves were thick around. One day the dogs barked, and father, looking nut. saw two wolves near at hand A loaded gun lay on the hooks just behind him. within easy reach, but, forgetting the gun. he slapped his hand* and halloed at them and the villains scampered off. The hogs had to be penned up so tight that the wolves could not get at thein.

Julian Green, son of Jonathan Green, was born in East Tennessee iu 1328, coming with his father to Randolph iu 1332, and his home has boen here over since. He ia a farmer and has seven children, residing at present in Franklin Township.

Thomas Hubbard was born in Delaware in 1301. came to Ross County, Ohio, in 1807. to Fayette County. Ind.. in IS 11, and to Randolph County, Ind., in 1337. He married Eleanor Rogers, born in 1807, in 1827, and they have had twelve chil

dren; nine of them are living and all the nine .ire marriedFour live in Randolph County, one in Jay County, two in Iowa and two in California. Mr. Hubbard and his wife, though well advanced in years, enjoy good health and strength and seem happy in their old ago. They live noor Fairview on the land which he purchased when they came to the county forty-four years ago, and since their wedding day fifty-four years hnve elapsed into eternity, and should they bo spared to see a few more annual 3uns complete their roucd, they will celebrate with thankful hearts, their ** diamond wedding,” which fow, indeed, hove over boheld this side tbo opening gates of the ” New Jerusalem.”

William May, Emmettsville, wan born in 1820. in Pennsylvania; came to Columbiana County, Ohio, in 1S33, to Coshocton, Ohio, in 1S38, to Union County, Ind.. in 1840. Ripley County. Ind., in 1342, to Wayne County, Ind.. in 1844, to Delaware County, Ind, in 1853. and to Greon Township. Randolph County, Ind.. in 1857. Ho has been twice married, the first time, in 1843. and the second time in 1848. He has hud eleven children, ten of whom aro now living. He is a farmer, a member of tho United Brethren.Church and a Republican.

Antony W. McKinney was horn in Pennsylvania. He came to Groen Township, Randolph County, in 1S37. He has had eleven children, eight still alive, and seven are married. His children reside in Randolph, Jay and Delaware Conotios and in Nebraska. His father was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, who died at Fairview. aged ninety years. Mr. McKinney also diud at Fairview, Ind., an old man. He was u farmer and a Democrat, and had been a soldier in the war of 1312. It is a noteworthy fact that wbon he arrived in Randolph Count}-, he had just 00 cents and no mora As poor as he was. his son, John W. McKinney, now owns some 1,500 acres of land and supports hundreds of cattle for market in the larger towns and more distant cities. The wealth that they possess has every cent bee’j acquired sinco that important day when the elder McKinney became a denizen of Randolph. Hia father must have felt an admiration for the daring soldier who captured Stony Point at midnight in the old Revolutionary war, since he named his son after the gallant hero, Anthony Wayne, ” Mad Anthony,” whom the Indian chief called the ” General who never slept,” who. by his valor and prowess, retrieved the shameful disasters and defeats of the past campaigns, nnd taught the haughty savages submission to the powor of the whites.

John B. McKinney, son of Antony W. McKinney. reside* across the Mississinewa River, south from Fairview. He owns 1,400 acres or more of land, and is n great stock dealer and raiser, owning hundreds of cattle. He has a wife and three children, and the finest residence in Oreon Township, and there aro few, if any, equal to it (outside the cities) in Randolph County. He is an energetic and successful business man. un active Democrat in politics nnd a prominent citizen.

James MoProud was born in Warren County, Ohio, in 181)1. came to Randolph County in 1827, and moved hero in 18*20. He married Hannah Roberta in Ohio before be was of age. They have had nine children, ad of whom became grown and wore married, and seven are living still. He has spent his life as a farmer, now owning 100 acres, but having been possessed atone period of a whole section. He is a Methodist, tho first Muthodist preaching in the township having taken place at his house. In politics, he was a Democrat, voting for ”Old Hickory.” Becoming afterward a Whig, in course of time he joined the Republican party, to which he still adheres. Though over eighty years old. he is still hale and sprightly and vigorous. He is fond of recounting the old-time exploits and advootures, of whicli he has experienced his full share. The ” circuit rider ” at the “tir3t preaching” was Goorgo Bowers, and his circuit” comprised a horseback journey through a forest and flood of 250 miles. Hia aged wife, tbo sharer of the hardships of hia pioneer life, died January 11, 1381, agod seventy.four years, four months and eloven days, of paralysis. Sho bad been a member of the Methodist Church more than sixty years, and married not quite aa long. Her family has consisted of nine children, six boys and threa girls, all >rrown. married and settlod in life, and seven living at the present time. Her funeral was attended by n large concourse of friends and neighbors, the services being conducted by Rev. John A. Moorman, of Farmland, Ind., and j her remains being Ibid in Hopewell Cemetery.

Israel Wirt was born in 1700. and settled in Green Township very early, entering laud in 1S30. and moving in 1337. He was one of the proprietors of the little town of Steubenville. which was laid out in lS3Qt but has been extinct for more than twenty yoars. He was a farmer and business man, keeping a storu also at Steubenville for several years. He owned a considerable body of land near that place, and built A comfortable reideuce there. He had a family of several children, and died at the age of eighty-four years, iu August. 1880, leaving to bis heirs a considerable fortune.

PHILIP DARGEK. farmer, P. 0 Fsirvicw. eras, born in Fayette County, Ohio, April ‘JR. 1815. Ilii father. Philip Bsrgar, Sr.. wu born in Montgomery County, Va.. and moved to Fayette County. Ohio, in 1804. Hia mother, whose maiden niiDi was Polly Shroyer, win B)m a native of Montgomery County, Va. Sbe did in Fayetia County, Ohio, to 181′.*. and her husband died about the year 13’.”-‘. Philip (larger. Sr., served In tht «»r of 1812. The subject of l hit sketch catoe to [Undolph County, Ind., at an early day, and en tared a trnct of government land, which he cleared and improved. On the 4th of f>ciol>er. 1838. he wu married to Elliabeih Strong, danghtir of Reuben Strong, of Delaware County, Ind. Iter father was bora in Massachusetts, and her mother, wboaa maiden oame waa Barbara Boots, wu born in Virginia. Mn. Burger died in Auguat. 1877. in her fifty-fifth year. She bore her hatband seven children, three of whom—Lusetia, Lewis and Napoleon B., now survive. John W., Henry C, Miriam and an Infant are deeeasad. Mr. Barter has 247 acres of Ane land In Sections 8 and 4, and is engaged at the occupation of farming. He is a member of the M. K Chnrch, and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In politics, he is a Republican.

SAMUKL CAY LOR, farmer. P. O. Euimciteville. m born io Rose County. Ohio, November 26, 1811. Hi* parents, Jacob and Catharine (Atcher) Caylor, were natives of Virginia, the former born December ‘2:>, 1777. and the latter April 0, 1782. They located in Fayette Oouoty, Ohio, in 1810, where they remained until death. Their parents came from Germany. The subject of this sketoh was married. January Id, 1834, io Anala Life, in Fayatie Count/. Ohio, and toon after removed to Delaware County. Ind. In 1837, he removed to Randolph County, locating upon a tract of Government land, which he had entered a short time previously, oonaieting of 120 acres. Shortly afterward he went to Koss County. Ohio, with an old mare and a mule colt, and sold them for $40. Adding $10 to this amount, he purchased an additional forty acres of land, and about a yrar later he purchased forty aores more with 840 received from bis father. His land was all heavily timbered, and wu cleared by his own labor. He continued to enlarge the boundaries of his farm until his possessions aggregated 1,800 acres. Of this amount, nearly 600 acres have been giv*n by him to various uembere of his family. lis had two children by the tirat wife, one of whom died In infancy, and the other, Christopher, in 1837. On the 4th of July, 1838, be married Elisabeth Bxtt*. a native of Fayetia County, Ohio. They are the parents of seven children—alary, Martin, Jacob, Martha. John, Melissa and Sarah.

SILAS 8. CLARK, farmer. P. 0. Farmland, waa born In the fort el Fort Wayne. Ind . March 2, 1830. Hia father, MaMon Clerk, waa burn In Randolph County, N. C in 171)6. His mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Cartwrtght, wu a native of Guillord County. N. C. 8ha was a second cousin of Rev. Peiar Cartwrigbt, the famous pioneer Meihodisi circuit preacher. Hie father. Mahlon Clark, located in Randolph County, Ind., in 1818, but soon want io Fort Wayne, where he embarked In trading with the Indiana. Several years later he returned to Randolph County, Ind. The subject of this sketch was married, September 1. 1863, to Emily J. Moore, a native of Randolph County. Ind. Her father, F.traos Moore, was born in Randolph County, N. C , and her mother, whose maiden name was Alley Middleton, was a native of the same county. Mr. Dark and wife are the parents of six children —Manha A., John Cm Km ma Z-, Sarah L.. James O. and Mary B., one of whom, Mary E . is deceased. During the late war, Mr. Clark waa a aoldiar in the Union army He enlisted in the Ninth Indiana Regiment on the 6th of October. 1S64, and served unlil the dose of the war. He was io the battles of Pulaski, Franklin and Columbia, Tana., after whieh he fell ill, and has never sinoe regained his former health. During the earlier years of hli life be was engaged at the shoemaker’s trade,but. after the war, adopted farming, which be has followed ever since. He has forty acres in Green Township. lis was appointed Justice of the Peace, and, after serving three yean, was elected for a term of four years. Io polliioa, be ie a RepubUcu. Himself and wife are member* of the Christian Church.

JOHN C. CLARK, firmer, P. 0 Farmland, was bora in Rudolph County, Ind.. in 1866. His rather, S. S- Clark, wu born within the old fort at Fort Wayne. Ind.. March 2. 1830. His mother, whose maiden name waa Emily J. Moore, was born in Randolph County, lod. His father served In the Ninth | Indiana Regiment United Slates Volunteers, during the war of the rebellion. On the Mb of May, 1880, Mr. Clark wu married to Miss Sarah B. Genii, whose parents were both natives of Rsndolph Count/, Ind. Mr. CWrk has GGjj acres of land, and is engaged In the pursuit of farming. He is a member of the Christian Chureb, and. in politics, is a Republican. His wife is e member of the United Brethren Church. Her father wu a member of the F.igluv-fourth Indiana Regiment, and was killed at the battle of Nashville io 1SW.*

17.RA CONN, minister, P. 0. Farmland, wu born in Preble County, Ohio. November 6, 1823. Uis fathsr, George Coon, wu bora in the Shenan

doah Valley, Va. The eubjeet of this sketch wu reared in bis native county, receiving a common school education. He wu married, in 1848. to 8ussm Gaines, who bore hiss ten children. Art of wboaa now survive—Willi»« £,, Wilson P., Lucy L.. Henderson W. and Asa. His second marriage took place in 1870, at whieh time he wu wedded to Martha J. Gaols. The children by this marriage are John C. Jossphine B. end Naomi A. In early life, Mr. Conn learned the shoe-maker’s trade, bat for the pass three yean nanbasa a minister of the Methodist Protestant Chureb. His father wu a soldier in the war of 1812, and his grandfather ia the Revolutionary war,

ALEXANDER CURRENT, fanner. P. O. Fairview, was bora In Monongalia County, Va., January 21, 1811. His fathsr, Eoooh, wu a nativs of Virginia, and died in Monongalia County, Va., April 18, 1887. Hie mother’s raaidei name was Mary Hoffman. She was also a native of Virginia, aod died in Monongalia County August 80, 1869. Alexander Current wu educated la the common schools of bis native county. He came to Randolph County. lod., I in 1840. and, in 1843, taught the first school in his school district. He wu f married, February 6, 18»6. to Zaisabato Joaec. daughter ef Benjamin and Kliinbelb (Bell} Jones, natives of Virginia. His first wife died, leaving three : children, and by the second marriage there were two—Mary B. and Martha i L. Mr. Current is a member of the M. K. Church, as to also bis wife. In politics, he ia a Republican.

JACOB DAl’GHh’RTY, farmer. P. 0. Fairview, wu born In Orecne County. Ohio. May 27, 183U. His parents, James D. and Jemima (Shirk, Dougherty, were both natives of Virginia. In 1861, they removed to Jay County, Ind., where they still reside. The subject of this sketch wu a member of the | Eighty-fourth Indiana Regiment,.and ponieipAled in the battles of Daltoo, | Bustard Roost, Pumpkin Vine Run. Loot Monntsin, snd ihs battles at aod [ around Atlanta. He was eifo in the engagements at Lovejoy Station and at Nashville under Gen. Thomas. He wu at the surrender of Fort Anderson, I and in tbe fight at Kingston, N. C. On the 10th of January, 1841, he wu ! married to Sunn C. Andrews, who died April 7, 18G9. Their daughter is now j the wife of John Bodkin, and resides at Farmland, ia this county. In 1870. Mr. Daugherty wu married to Suae ana Evens, his present companion. She is the daoghter of John aod Mary (Norris) Ettas, both natives of Monongalia County, Va,

JOSEPH C. DEV03S. farmer, P. 0. Fairview. wu horn in Highland County, Ohio. Hia father, David Devoss, was born in Roae County, Ohio, and his mother, whose maiden name wu Dorcas Cheney, was born in Highlaad County. Ohio. They oame to Randolph County, Ind., in 1864, and located ia j Oreea Township, where the father died in March, 1866. The subject of this I sketoh entered the Union army In 1864, and served nine months, laklag part, meanwhile, in the battles of Franklin and Subtitle, Teno. He wu married, October 23. 1860. to Julia A. Campbell, who was born April 20. 1840. She I bore him four children, vis.: David A.. James M., Daniel H. aad Cora A. James M. died December 1G. 1870: Daniel H. died. October 30, 1877 ; Mrs. be voce died Juns 1, I860. Oa the 4th of December, 1872, Mr. Uevou wu married, io Cynthia A. Read, daughter of Cyrus and Sarah H. C. Rend. They are the parents of two children—John L, and Cyrus R. Mr. Devoss snd wife are both members of the M. E. Church. He has served two terms u Trustee of

I his township, and is now serving uusessor. Hs is a member of tbe Mesooic fraternity and of the Patrou of Husbandry. He hu a fine farm of 127 acres

| la Sections 16 and 10. Mr. Dsvou is a member of the I. O. 0. F.

I CYNTHIA A. DILL, farmer, P. 0. Fairview, daughter or Martin aad

I Rhode (Strong) Boots, wu born in Greene County, Ohio, November 20. 1827. She oame to Randolph Ciuoty, Ind., with her husband io 1862, locating in Oreen Township. Her father died here, March 16, 1873, aged eev«siy-two years. On tbe 18th of February, 1846. Mlu Boots wu married to Solomon Dill, who died February 27, 1860. They were the parents of seven children. j four of whom ore now living, vis,: Martha J., George A., Lewis and David. Rhode K., Martin L. and Philip M. are deceased. Mr. Dill was always engaged io the pursuit of farming, and wu a man* who possessed the eon fide nee and esteem of all who knaw htm. Since his demise, the farm bu been con* ducted by Mrs. Dill and her Bobs. She is the owner of 1W) acres of fine land

1 In Section 2. Mn. Dili ii a member of the Oerman Reformed Church.

MINERVA EVANS, farmer. P. 0. Fairview, daoghter of Reuben and

I Barbara (Boots) Strong, wu born in Greene County, Ohio. September 3, 1824.

! Her father wu born in Massachusetts sod her mother in Virgin is. They came to Indiana in 1834, aad settled io Delaware County, where both died—the father In 1836 and the mother io 1862. In 1842, tbe subject of this sketch wu married to George W. Evans, who wu born in Ohio in 1817. aod died In Randolph County, Ind., in 1860. Their wedded life wu blessed by nine sons, sis of whom are now living, vis.: Jesse. Alfred, Levi M.. Charles. Napoleon B. and George W. William Henry enlisted for the six months’ service, but fell a victim to mseslu and disd in Tsnnessee. December 31, 1863, five months aHer his enlistment. Ht wu in his nineteenth year, and wu Second Lieutenant, In command of Company B, One Hundred and Eighteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Fraacii M-, died in October, 1860; John R. died November 26, 1664. All the sons are farmers and identified with the Republican pony, and two of them are Put Grands In Fairview Lodge, No. 134,1. 0- O. F. They have a fine farm of 812 ecru, under a good state of cultivation.

GEORGE FORD, farmer. P. O. Farmland, wu horn In Green Township, Randolph County, Ind., io 1846. His father, John Ford, wu born March 18, 1803, lo the Sute of New York. His mother wu Betsey Johnson before marriage. In 1860, Mr. Ford wu married to Mies Lueinds Flood, a estiva of Montgomery County, Ohio, and daughter of John aod Sarah (Proof) Flood. Thoy are the parents of six children, four of whom era now living, vis.: Melissa J., Ida A., Mary L. and John C. Mr. Ford Is engaged in agricultural pursuits, and hu eighty acres of land in Section 19. His wife is s member of the Methodist Protestant Church.

JAMES H. FORD, fsrsser, P. 0. Farmland, wu born io Clinton County, Ohio, In 1844. Hie father, Robert, wu bora ia Pennsylvania, and his mother. Catherine t’Hobleti Ford, wu born in Clinton County. Ohio- During the Ute | war the rub)ed of ibis sketch served the Union cause as a member of the | Second Regiment Missouri Stats Militia. He surved three years, snd particl- i paled in ibe bailies io. which his regiment ires engaged, among ihem being the ‘ haitl— of Bloooaflold, Mo., and Nicer Wood Swamp. Hie father was in the | larai branch of the servioe. Mr. Ford and wife are the parent* of four children, vis. : Minnie B., Etna I.’., Clyde R. and Arthur J. He it a farmer by \ occupation and a Republican In polities. He has forty acre* hi Section 17, i Green Township, and forty acres in Missouri. Both himself and wife are | members of the Christian Church.

JOHN* FORD, farmer, P. 0. Farmland, wee born in the city of New York, March 1*1, 1803. His father. George ForJ, »m born in County Down, Ireland. His mother, before marriage Was Prudenoe Kearn. His father was once engaged in a rebellion against the British Government. On the 1st of February. 1820, the subject of ibis iketch was married to Elisabeth Johnson ; she was born In Hamilton County, Ohio, and her father, Cornelius Johnson, was born in New Jersey. Mr. Ford came to Randolph County, Ind., in 1827. and entered a tract of Government laud in Green Township, where he still resides. He entered his land In 18:12. and now owns 100 acres. Mr. Ford end wife are the parents of eleven children, five of whom are living, vis.: Margaret. Mary, George, U’ilion B. and Samuel II. He had one son who fell la defense of the Union, killed by ■■ sharp-shooters.” David Ford, an uncle of the subject of ibis sketch, came in the United .States about I8u0 or 1810. He never married, but made his home with a family in Rockbridge County. Vo , until I about the year 1821. It was known by his relatives that be had a large | amount of geld ia his possession, but after bis death it could never be f*tun<l | or accounted for. J

THOMAS GREEN, farmer, I’. 0. Rldgcville, was bom in Casey County, | Ky.. in 1820. His parents were both natives of that oouniy. Mr. Green has I pasted ibe greater portion of his life in the township in which he now resides, having located hereabout forty-seven years ago. He waa married in 1853, to Minerva McCracken. a native of Lick ins: County, Ohio, born in JfrPS. They are the parents of eight children, of whom four are now living, e|».: William H-. Frances W., Emily V. K. and Mary R. Mr. Green la engaged ai the pursuit of farming. He has 194 acres of fine land in Green Township. Section 18. He is a member of Ibe M. P. (.’burch. as is also bis wife. In politics, he is a Democrat. He had four brothers in the Union Army; Jonathan Was a member of :he Eighty-fourth Indiana Regiment: Granville was in theThiriyslxih Indiana Regiment-, but was discharged on account of disability. Jamee collated for three years, hut died within sis months after entering the ssrvioe. Joshua entered the Eighty-fourth Indiana Krgiment in 1854, and served until the close of the war.

AARON HARRIS, farmer. P. 0. Falrview, was born April 15, 1825, neer Ozfonl, Ind. His parents. SAmuel aod Mary Harris, were natives of Virginia. They removed to Montgomery County, Ohio, and located near Dayton, in 1827. There the subject of this sketch received his education. In 1848, be *oa married to Miaa Elizaheth Bond, and in 1855, came to Handolpb County, locating upon a tract of heavily limbered laud, tits farm contains 240 acre!*, of which area 105 acres have been cleared by himself. His wedded life baa been blessed hy nine children, seven of whom now survive, viz.: William P.. Hiram J.. James P., Eveline. John VT., Henry F. and Ella J. Mr. Harris is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is highly esteemed as a food citizen. For nveral years after locating In this county, ho worked at the carpenter’s trade, and erected many of the first frame barns in this locality.

WILLIAM H. HARRISON, Esu>. farmer, P 0. Farmland, was born September 20, 1446, in Greene County, Ohio). His father, Jesse Harrison, was horn in Ohio. February 18, ItJOO. His mother, whose maiden uime was Elizabeth J Flood, was born in Greene County, Ohio, in October. 1808. They came to Ran- j dolph County, Ind . in 1847. The father died September 20,1870. The mother ; is still living at Farmland, in this county. On the I4lh of December, 180S, , the subject of this sketch enlisted in the Nineteenth Indiana Volunteer Kegi- ] meat for three years, or during the war. He participated in the ban lee of the 1 Wilderness. Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, PeUraburgsnd Five Forks, and through 1 to Apoomaitos. He was married, April 10, 1809, to Martha A. Mc*’arnish. . They have two children living, Ira 0. aod Lauretta. Mr. Harrison is now I serving as Justice of the Peace. He is a Hepubllcan in politics, aod both himself and wife are members of the Christian Church.

t’HRISflAN LIFE, fanner. P. 0. Pairriew, was born in Lewis County, j Vs., January 8. 1831. He is the son of John and Julia A. Life, the former a { native of Virginia, and the latter of Germany. He came to Handolph County with his parents in 1837, and grew up amid tiie hardships of pioneer life, lie was married, ia 1857. lo Misa Polly A. Tinkle, a native of lieury (bounty, Ind., anil daughter of Jacob Tinkle, now a resident of Jay County, Ind. They have six children, viz.: Emetine, John, Jacob. Lewis. Julia E. and William B. Mr. Life is engaged la farming and stock-raising, aod owns 127 acres of good land. Both himself and wife are members of Ibe United Brethren Church.

Jt»SF,PH II. LORD, farmer, P. 0. Fair view, was born In Connecticut March 2it, 1821. His parents. Horace and Sarah (Bucklsnd) Lord, were both natives of Connecticut, and both died at W losor, in that Stale. The subject of this sketch lived within twelve miles of Hartford until twenty years old. He then lived in Greene County, Ohio, for six years, after which he came to Randolph County, Ind.. and located in Greene Township. He was married, December JO, 1847, lo Ellen Md,1ure, laughter of Samuel end Barbara (Fervor) McClurv. Her father was horn in Augusta County, Vo., In 1780, and died in Randolph County. Ind., about 1865. Her mother waa horn io L’enn«ylvania in 1782. and died in Randolph County, lod.. December 30. 1862. Mr.-Lord and wife have six children, els.: Charles K.. James II., Lydia A., Frank B., Martin M. and Sarah F. Horace SL. died October 24. 1802. Mr. Lord Is engaged in agricultural pursuits, having ICO acres of Ane land in Section 21. He is a Kepublicsa, end a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

AMOS LUDWICK «u born in Stony Creek Township, Randolph Co.. Ind.. I October 15, 1814. His father. George Ludwick. was born in Maryland. Ilia mother’s maiden name was Sarah C. Bowers. She died in 1S42. and his father died about sit years later, Mr. Ludwick received a good common school edu- ! cation, and grew up a farmer, which occupation he has ever since followed. He was married, March 7. 1850, to Mary fc. McN’ocs. They are the parents of eight children, throe of whom are deceased : Flora E.. Lindsey L., McNoos -B.. j Charles E. aod Myrtle P., ars now living. Mr. Ludwick has 106 acres of good land In Section 6. He Is a Republican in polities, and both himself and wife are members of the Christian Church. Mrs. Ludwick is the daughter of An- j drew and Jane (McEnlyre) McNees. the former probably a native of Tennessee, and the latter of Ohio. She had three brothers in the Union army during the late war—Harvey A., was in the Nineteenth Regiment Indiana Volunteer lo- 1 fantry i three years’ service), but was finally discharged on accouniof disability. ■ S. A., was in the same regiment. He died from the effects of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville, Va. Marshall M., was in the Eighty-fourth Regi- j men I. three years’ service, and was wounded on the skirmish line. He coo- I tinued in the service until the close of the war. Andrew McNees. the father of Mrs. Ludwick. was born January 21, 1818, and Jane McNees mother of Mrs. L., was horn November 22, 1811.

JOHN McCAMISII. farmer. P. 0. Hidgeville, was born August 14. 1838. His father, William MoCaniish. was a native of Tennessee, and his mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Gray, was a native of Virginia. They came lo Randolph County. Ind.. about the year 1SS5. His grandfather was in the war of 1812. Mr. Met’atnmish has eighty acres of fine land in Greens Township, and is engaged in agricultural pursuits, lie was married, in 185$. to Hannah Gantz. Her fnthcr was horn in Germany, and ber mother in New Jcrsoy. Mr. McCamiah and wife are the parents of two children—William M. and Adello F. Mr. and Mrs. Mcfamish are members of the M. P Church, and Mr. McC-tmish is a Republican in politics.

JESSE B. McKINNEY. stock-raiser. P. 0. Falrview, was horn lo Clarke County. Ohio. January 3, 1822. Ilia father, Anthony W. McKinnvy, was born io Newport, Ky.. and his mother, Elizabeth (Britten) McKinner, was born in Ohio. In 1837, his father came lo Randolph ‘ ouoty, locating in Green Township. He was a soldier in the war of 1-12. The grandfather of J. B. McKieney was a soldier in the Revolution, and fought at Bunker Hill and Braadywine. After the war, he settled In Kentucky, and adopted the vocation of farming, lie owned and operated a ferry-boat across the Ohio River, and it is said bo assisted in ”raising” the Jhral log cabin in Cincinnati. He died in Green Township, Randolph Co., Ind., in [888. Jesse B. McKinney was reared amid the scenes of pioneer life, and received his education in a rude log school house • in this township. He was married. August 10, 1848. to KM is bet fa A. Manor. Her father was horn in Berkeley County,Va., and her mother, Elizabeth (Suvevs) McKinney. was born near Philadelphia, Peon. Her father settled in Jay Co., Ind.. in 1835. Mr. McKinney and wife have three children now living, viz.: j Mary C, Emma ‘A. V. and Ella E. Elizabeth Jane died in 1S54. During early life, Mr. MoKinney followed theoccu|utlion of farming, then engaged in milling pursuits for live years, and for six years was in mercantile life. He has since been extensively engaged in farming and stock-raising, having 1.500 a-*res of fine land in Green Township, and a palatial home. He is enterprising and public-spirited, as well as liberal, and is universally esteemed.

JAMES G. McPKOUD, farmer. P. 0. Farmland, wss born April 30, 1803, In Rockingham County, Vs.. and removed to Ross County. Ohio, when but six years old. He removed to Fayette County, Ohio, in 18S7. and from thereto Randolph County, lad., where he has ever since resided. His father, John, was born and reared in Burlington County, X. J. He removed to Virginia, and married Nancy Read, a native of Delaware. She died io Roes County. Ohio, in 1S16. The subject of this sketch married Hannah 0. Roberts, in 1827. She was born in Lycoming County, Peon., September 1, 1800. Her father, John Roberts, was born In Salem County, N- J-, in 1760. The subject of this sketch received a common school education in Ross County, Ohio. He learned the blacksmith’s trade, but has always been engaged in farming. Ha bas 100 acres of land in Sections 14 and 23. Both himself and wife are members of j iho M. E. church. They have seven children living, viz.: Josiab R., Lewis VY., Mary M . Samuel T., Constant B., James 0. and Sarah M. John W., died October 10. 1878; Esther R died February 10. 18*34.

MILTON MEKANDA. farmer. P. 0. Farmland, was bom in Clark Couaty. Ohio, December 22, 1840. His father, Robert L. Meranda, waa bora in Bourbon County. Ky., October t», 18trt>, but was reared aod educated in Clark County, Obio. Ills mother’s maiden name was Mercer C. Davis. She was burn oear Yellow Springs. Ohio, in 1814. Both came to Randolph County, Ind., :n 1840, locating in Franklin Township, where they remained until death. Milton, the subject of this biography, enlisted in the Fifty-fifth Indiana Regi- ! mem for the three months* service early in the late wer. and re-eulisted ta Company. II. One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regiment, for one year. He participated in the battles at Nashville, Wise’s Ford snd elsewhere. He was ‘ married, on the 1st of October. 1305, to Matilda A. Faust, daughter of Christian Faust, who was born io Knox County, Tenn. Mr. Meranda and wife are the parents of six children, vis., William F., Rosenna, James I.. Lillian, Peter L. j snd Dora) to. He was engaged in funning during the greater part of his life, but for the past twelve years he tins been engaged in milling pursuits, having an interest in a good saw.mill at Shed»ilie. In politics, he is a Democrat. Both himself and wife are members of the Christian Church.

Ll’l’flER L. MOORMAN, farmer. P. 0. Hidgeville, woe born March 14, 1844. In White River Township, Handolph Co., Intl., and has been a resident of this county ever sioce. His father, John A. Moorman, was born in North Carolina. His mother’s maiden name was Nancy Histt. At the outbreak of the rebellion in 18*11, the subject of this sketch iiben a mere boy) enlisted in Company C. Nineteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He enlisted on the 6th of July, 1661, for three year’, but soon nfter entering the field his health failed, and he was honorably discharged on the 10th of the tollowiog Decern

‘ ber. Regaining his health, to the spring of 1862 he assisted in recruiting a company for the Fifty-fifth Indiana Regiment, and woe mustered la u First

| Duty Sergeant of thai company, which wet known M Company F. He was tendered a Lieutenancy in the Fifty-fourth Regiment, bat the preciriout elaie of bis health would not permit him to accept the office. On the 10th of November, 180$. he was married to Amanda McCracken. Her father, Robert McCracken, wai born in Fayette County. Penn., and her mother, Sarah High, ambotbare. wai barn in Muskingum County, Ohio. They came to Stony Creek 1 To wash ip, Randolph Co.. lad., in 1337. and removed to Green Township in 1857. Her father died in this townabip on (he 15th of June, 1872, and in the sixty- j

i second year of his age, and the mother died in her sixty-third year. By the ! first marriage, Mr. Moorman and wife were the parent* of four children, twoof whom are now living, vis.: Robert. R. and Jessie. James A. and an infant , are deceased. Mrs. Moorman died March 9. 1874. On the 27lh of March, 1875, Mr, Moorman was married to Elizabeth McCracken, sister of his first wife. They have one child—Clyde A. Mr. Moorman was elected Justice of ; the Peace, and Is now nerving his second term as Trustee of Groan Township. Mr. Moorman in a member of the M. P. Church, and his wife Is a member of the C. U. Church.

CLARK REED is a cilixeo of Oreea Township, and is an enterprising farmer. He Wm always very zealous for the promotion of public schools in hit : school district, nnd for the education of his children. He wu born in Greene | County, Ohio, October 17, 182H, and resided there till February, 1857. when | he moved to this county. He wts educated in the public schools of the city of ■• Oldtown,” in Greene County, Ohio. This was originally an old Indian j town. The public schools had in those days already advanced considerably. | Mr. Clark Reed was a aon of Abner Reed, and hi* mother’s maiden name was ‘ Cynthia Adams. Mr. Abner Reed was born in .Northbridgs, Worcester Co., I Mass.. September II, 17SH. His father was a soldier of the Revolution, and ! bis mother was a daughter of Capt. John Hrown. a distinguished soldier of the English and French war, and for many years a member uf the General Court of Massachusetts, and who, with nine sons, fought for the new Union in Rerolu* lion. The elder Mr. Reed came West to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1815. and, in company with his brother Ezra, his wife’s brother ft mien Adams, and Thomas Watson, engaged to the cloak business. In about one year afterward, he returned lo his native State, and on the 8th day of May, 1816. ha married Cynthia Adams at Worcester, Mass. In two weeks afterward, the young couple started to Greene County, Ohio. and. after being eis weeks on the road, arrived there In June The three former par intra then bought a tract of land together, which afterward became the sole property of Mr. Abner Reed, where he resided till he died. Mr. (lark Reed was married, October 24, 1802, lo Sarah A. Drotherton. She was a daughter of John Rruthcrton, of Delaware County. Ind. Five years after this marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Kced emigrated West, and located in Green Township. Randolph County, where they have resided ever since. They nave cleared and made the farm they now occupy, and are familiar wiih pioneer life. This un’mo has been honored with live accessions, fit. : John. Walter, Abner, Adolphus. Emma and Mtttie. Adolphus died .September 10. 1861; John was married, September 17, 187!>, to Lydia Lord, daughter of J. II. Lord. They have three cbildreo. namely, Orvil. Zulu and Clark. Abner was married. October 9, 187*.’. to Sarah Holly. They have one child. The younger Mr. Reeds are all farmers. They have the attributes I of ihe forefathers’ energy and enterprise. Integrity and prue|»eriiy.

CVKCS A. KEKD. This gentleman was the descendant of an old New England family. His father, Abner Reed, was born in Massachusetts in 1784, and afterward reI moved to Greene County, Ohio, where Abner Reed wai united in rarriage | with M:s? Cynthia Adams, who was also a native of Massachusetts, and came I with her parents to Greene Couoty, when seven years old. Six children were | the fruits of this union, of whom Cyrus, the subject of this sketch, was fourth. ! lie was born on the 24th of April, 1824. in Greene County. Ohio, where he ; grew to manhikod. working on bit father’s farm and acquiring proficiency in | :ne science of farming, which, in later years, he adopted as his vocation, I atuHssiog thereby a comfortable fortune. On the 20th of September, 1800, be was united in marriage with Mien Sarah II. C. Lawrence, and very soon afteru a-‘i, with his young wife, left home and friends to locate in the wilderness of j Indiana, and bear his part in the development of Randolph County.

He iocatcd upon a tract of 420 acres of land tbst had been previously purchased of the Government by his father. Upon this tract no improvements tabled ; it was covered with a heavy growth of limber, and be taw before him years of hard work. Out he was not a man to cjuail before such a prospect. He was struggling for a home, and the interest of his loved ones, I and Ills desire to provide well for theui nerved his arm and animated him in j ali his protracted struggle with the forest and the hardships incident to pioneer | life. Trie future years brought a rich reward for bis industry, anil a fine farm I was developed by him from the forest in which he first settled, and a beautl- | fnl home took the place of Ihe lug cabin, in which he and his devoted wife i entered upon their new life in the wilderness. During their straggle in the i Sorest, and while (heir fortunes were changing little by little for the better. I their lin e home was made more cheerful and happy by the pretence of cull- i dren, who came to blest their wedded life. Mary E, was the eldest, theneame i Cynthia A.. Alice J.. Horace G.. Emma F-. Annie E. and William L, respectively. ; Mr. Reed acquired a good common-school education in youth, and builded i ! upon this by observation and experience in later years, gaining A good store of i < general information. Hi* success as a farmer is largely due lo Ihe enlhusinim I j which be threw into his work, and the escliitlvcncss with which he confined l | his attention to that pursuit, always avoiding speculation and uncertain enter- j prises. In his associations with his fellow-men, lie was frank, sincere and manly; always actuated by a high sense of honor and right, and loo noble Io i ! take a mean advantage of them under any circumstances. He built up a repu- j

uuion for honesty and Integrity that was never assailed, and found his way into the hearts and affection* of all with whom he had dealings. On the Slsl of March, 1879, he died at the home he had made in the woods—Ihe home that t still bears so many evidences of his enterprise and taste. His death was an I irreparable loss lo his loving family, and a blow to the community io which he resided. He wai a public-spirited man, and took an active part in the public . improvements of his township and the county at large. He was prominent as ! an Odd Fellow, and had filled all the offices of the subordinate lodge, and at j the time of his demise wu District Deputy Grand Patriarch of ths Encamp- | menu In an obituary notice published by his brethren In the lodge, one who knew him sold: •’ As a husband and father few, if any, have ever been more | kind and affectionate. He wee truly an example of an amiable and confiding, mild and gentle disposition toward his family and friends, of whom he had j many.” Mr. Reed woe a consistent member of the Melhoditt Episcopal Chureh, of which his family are alto members.

The homeetead is occupied by his wife, an estimable lady, together with her children, Emma and ber husband, and Annie E. and William L. Mrs. Reed Is the daughter of John B. Lawrence, who was born in the State of Sew York, in 1701, and married Amelia Bickers, who was born in 1800. In the State of Maryland. They were married on the 9th of February, 181C, in Greene County. Ohio. They had a family of eleven children, five of whom arc now lining. Sarah H. C. grew to maturity in Greene County, and at the age of iw*niyfour years was married to Mr. Reed To a common-school education she odds lite accomplishments of a bright intellect, and the virtues of a noble Chris- ! tian lady, and Is a favorite with all who know ber. Of their children only Annie and William now remain unmarried. Mary E.. the eldest daughter, b deceased ; Cynthia is married to J. C. Derosa: Alice J. to William D. Campbell ; Horace G. to Klita J. Wool perl, and Emma T. to T. J. Learell. ;

GEORGE SITES, farmer. P. O. Fair view, was born in Hardy County, Va., December 10. 1804. lit it the ion of Frederick and Mary (Bargdoll) Sites, both natives of Virginia. Hit grandfather, Nicodemus Bsrgdoll, served in the Revolutionary war. Mr. Sites settled in Greene County, Ohio, in 1&<2, and came to Randolph County, Ind., in I&K7. locating in Green Township. He was married. June 5, l&>2, to Susanna Keueman, a native of Virginia. Tbey have had eleven children, sis of whom are now living, vix. : Annie M. E,, Mary S , Rhode, Lydia A., 8ylveeter D. and Isaee A. Mrs. Sites is the daughter of Jacob and Annie M. KcUemaa. Mr. Sitee Is a successful farmer, and 1 ha,* 240 acres of fine Land in Section 15, One of bis tons Is a minister, and all his family ore members of the German Reformed Church.

A£Al’H B. WEBB, was born in Greene County, Ohio. November 4, 1811. His father was Samuel Barrack Webb. He was born in one of the Eastern Colonies In 1758, and died in Ohio, la 184}, at the sdvenced age of eightyteven years. His mother’s maiden name was Mary Bull. She was born in 1775, nnd died in 1847. at the age of seventy-two years. His father was born during the French and Indian war, while the French tn l English nations were contending in a fierce struggle for supremacy upon the Western Continent, and there is a t radii ion to the effect that the father of Samuel B. Webb, or the great-grandfather of Ihe present generation of Webbs, served in that war. Samuel B. Webb left his home before he was seventeen years old to enter the Revolutionary army. He served through the war. and received an hooorable discharge He look part in some of the principal laUriee of the Revolution; participated In the tiege of Vnrktown, and witnessed the surrender of Cornwallit. He served again In the war of 1812. He belonged to the Army of the Center, and was with Gen. Pike, at Toronto, when the British uiagaxine exploded, resulting In the d#ath of that brave officer. He was at the storming of Fort George, and accompanied the army on Its second invasion of Canada. Al the close of the war he was honorably discharged. Asaph B. Webb was reared in his native county in Ohio. He lecetved a good education, mainly by his own unaided exertions, and by the light of the hickory hark torch. Many ■ a night did he study until near midnight, lying fiat upon his back, with bis head toward the Are, holding his slate and aritbmetio so the torch-light could fall upon them, and ihicldlog his head from ihe heat of the fire by a board. J Thus did he become one of (he best mathematicians of the common schools. He removed to Jay County, Ind.. in 184V. and to Emetcliaville, Randolph County, in 1RM. He was a prominent country school teacher until near the meridian of lift, and was also engaged 1st mercantile and agriculture! pursuits. He served three terms as Justice of the Peace, and one term as Trustee of Green Township. He married his first wife, Margaret Rook. August 20. IfcC Her parents were Samuel and Eleanor Rook. By the first marriage,’ Mr. Webb and wife had seven children—three sons and four daughters. Mary Eleanor was born Mav 2<>, !S:t8. She married William Williamson, and now resides at Cheater, Wayne Co.. Ind. Samuel Harrison was” bom February 28.1840. In 18ftI, he enlisted io Company G, Eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, three months’ service, but before hit jerm had expired he became a veteran byre-enlisting tn the three yean’ aervlce. While In the three months service, he took part in the battle of Rich Mountain and minor engagements. He was afterward with Gen. Curtis during bis campaign tn Missouri and Arkansas, and was* wounded al the bailie of Pea Ridge. Ark. He was with Ger.. Gram during bis Mississippi campaign, and participated in the battle and siege of Jackson, the battles of Port Gibson. Champion Hills and Black River Bridge, and the tiege of Vicksburg. At Vicksburg he distinguished himself in the terrible assault made upon the fortifications. At one time he seized the old flag when it was falling from Ihe nerveless grasp of its third hearer, end carried it at the head of ths column to the very walls of the fort. He was with Gen. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, during the campaign that resulted in ihe disorganization of Early’s army. But he sacrificed his life on his country’s altar in Ihe final struggle a! Cedar Creek. He lived long enough lo know that ths victory had been gained by the Union arms He died October 22, 1804, aged twenty-four years seven months and twenty-four days. Thomas J. was bora June a, 1843. In 1802, he enlisted in the Sixty-ninth Indiana Infantry, tod fell In his first battle, Richmond, Ky., August 29, 11*02, aged nineteen years two